1980: Elections result in hundreds of deaths in violent protests across island. In England and Wales, there are 18 ethnic groups recommended for use by the government when asking for someone’s ethnicity. When British Admirals Penn and Venables failed in their expedition to take Santo Domingo from the Spanish, they turned their attention to Jamaica, not wanting to return to Cromwell empty-handed. 1520: Jamaica begins to cultivate sugarcane. 1962: Jamaica becomes independent country. 1960: Tourism industry begins. In 1948, the Empire Windrush brought the first immigrants from Jamaica. From 1838 to 1917, over 30,000 Indians immigrated to Jamaica, followed by about 5,000 Asians from 1860 to 1893 who came as indentured laborers. What is the Global Tourism Resilience and Crisis Management Centre? The proposal fails. For four years after this event, slaves had to work without pay. No Arawaks remain alive on the island. Early period. 600-1000 AD: Arawak Indians arrived in Jamaica from South America, 1494: Columbus made his first visit to Jamaica. 1598: The Spanish governor proposes a separate area for the Arawak Indian population, which was quickly diminishing due to disease and hard labor conditions. Embedded into the timeline are visuals, newspaper articles, video clips and other primary/secondary sources. Though a relatively small group, the Lebanese, also called Syrians, is a prominent ethnic group in Jamaica. How Did White Horses In St. Thomas Get Its Name? In 1739, the British gave the Maroons autonomy, and even today they retain a separateness from Jamaican authority. In reality, there is a wide difference between race and ethnicity. 1655: British troops invade and take over Jamaica. 1510 The first Spanish settlers arrive in Jamaica. 1831: Hanging of Sam Sharpe, leader of last great slave rebellion, in Montego Bay. 1655 The English invade Jamaica An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of humans based on people who identify with each other on the basis of shared attributes that distinguish them from other groups such as a common set of traditions, ancestry, language, history, society, culture, nation, religion, or social treatment within their residing area. 1962: Jamaica becomes independent country. By Dr. Rebecca Tortello From 1845 to 1921, over 36,000 East Indians, mainly of the Hindu faith, were brought to Jamaica.Close to two-thirds of them remained. The afro-Jamaicans or black Jamaicans refer to the citizens of Jamaica who are descendants of black Africans or partially black Africa. This population is comprised of blacks, mulattos, and black-East Indians or black-Chinese. 1690: First significant slave uprising in Clarendon; many slaves escape into Cockpit Country. All ethnic groups have made significant amount of contribution to the Caribbean to make the culture what it is today. Jewish shops were marked with a yellow star. When the Spanish arrived later, they were welcomed by the Arawaks, inventors of the hammock. Countries like India, China, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Japan, Russia, have a large number of ethnic groups. The British had arrived, led by Admiral Penn and General Venables, who were seeking to win favour with English Lord Protector, Oliver Cromwell. Many of the racial and ethnic groups that live in the Hawaiian Islands today arrived at different times in history. Following the abolition of slavery in the1830s, after failed attempts to source much-needed labour through bountied European immigration, the Jamaican Government turned to India and China. Many councils banned them from public spaces. These groups occasionally resided in semi-permanent camp sites, while mostly being mobile in order to make use of a wide rage of plant and animal resources in a variety of habitats. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. The British came with Akan … Ethnic groups and discrimination is based on some of these factors that help one separate each group from the other. During these years, the English tried to tame an area of the island in the Blue Mountains that they nicknamed “the land of look behind.” In this little-traveled region of Jamaica’s interior, soldiers feared attack by the Maroons, descendants of slaves who had escaped from the Spanish. The first Africans to arrive came in 1513 from the Iberian Peninsula after having been taken from West Africa by the Spanish and the Portuguese. From those groups, Americans identity with ethnic groups … The main ethnic groups are the Sara people in the South and the Nomads in the North. 1835: Small groups of Germans arrive in Jamaica in Seaford Town. 1835: Small groups of Germans arrive in Jamaica in Seaford Town. The population of English settlers remained small, but they brought in vast numbers of African slaves to work the sugar estates. (Senior, 2003, p. 446). They came to escape poverty or problems at home and were originally welcomed because of their contributions to the war effort. Many people are a mix of the above groups and most have Native mixed in. They were also joined by immigrants from the Middle East, primarily what is now Lebanon (although, in Jamaica, these residents are known as “Syrians.”). Later it was joined by the banana industry, and at the turn of the century visitors began to arrive aboard those banana boats. After many years, groups of Jews approached… (READ MORE), On the morning of May 10, 1655, two Spanish fishermen likely out searching for turtles off of Port Morant, looked up to see a most surprising sight ­ a fleet of 38 ships with large cannons moving towards them (Sherlock and Bennett, 1998, p.77). They were followed by the Japanese in the Jews had to sit on separate seats on buses and trains. 1656: British colonists settle at Port Morant; most die from disease. (READ MORE), Known as bountied European immigration, this practice commenced in May of 1834 with the arrival of 64 Germans after a 108-day journey from the town of Bremen. Turtles forgotten, the fishermen… (READ MORE), The Irish arrived in Jamaica over 350 years ago in the mid-1600s at the time of British Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell's capture of Jamaica. 1838: Slavery officially abolished in Jamaica. These Africans were freed by the Spanish when the English captured the island in 1655. Most of them came to work as laborers on the sugar and pineapple plantations. 1962: Jamaica becomes independent country. In 1888, more than 800 additional Chinese arrived and the Jamaican business community began to get nervous. For many years they resisted the British to maintain their freedom, and some fled to the mountains and they were referred to as the Maroons. Within a decade there were over 8,000 like-minded groups with more than 1.5 million members. Jamaica, the Caribbean’s third-largest island, was visited by Christopher Columbus in 1494 on his second voyage to the New World. This information from this timeline comes from Hu-Dehart, E (1993). How To: Protect Yourself In Case Of A Fire, 4 Financial Quotes to Increase Your Wealth, Out Of Many Cultures: The People Who Came: The Jews In Jamaica, Out Of Many Cultures: The People Who Came: The English, The Welsh, The Scottish, Academic Year 2019-2020 – Jamaica Calendar of School Terms and Holidays, What’s Right With Jamaica? 1834: Slavery brought to an end. 1509: The first Spanish colony is established in Jamaica in what is now St. Ann’s Bay. About 600 ce the culture known as the “Redware people” arrived; little is known of them, however, beyond the red pottery they left. 1494 Christopher Columbus lands in Jamaica. Our ancestors came to Trinidad and Tobago from many different places, and in a wide variety of circumstances. Jamaica has been an independent nation since 1962. Join our newsletter to get the latest articles, news, & videos. About 97% of the population of Jamaica is of partial or total African descent. In 1834, slavery was abolished, but the the sugar industry continued. 1692: Port Royal suffers a catastrophic earthquake and thousands die. These groups were used in the 2011 Census of England and Wales. Original Inhabitants. This is the most obvious one, right? A brief history of the Ethnic Studies movement. In 1692, an earthquake struck the city of Port Royal, located on a peninsula near Kingston, and the entire city was lost to the sea. 1760: Slave uprising in St. Mary led by Tacky, a runaway slave. Privacy Policy & Terms of use. Many of the Europeans came from Scotland and North Britain. Close to two-thirds of them remained. 1860-1893: Large migration of Chinese into Jamaica as indentured workers. From the African slave to the petit noblesse of France, the indentured Indian to the British civil servant, they have blended together to form a true melting pot of a society. The Spaniards themselves escaped the island or were expelled shortly afterward. 1860-1893: Large migration of Chinese into Jamaica as indentured workers. In Chad there are reported to be 200 different and distinct ethnic groups. The original inhabitants of Jamaica are believed to be the Arawaks, also called Tainos. Stock Photos from Photos.com, iStockPhotos.com, 123rf. The Spanish lost the island in 1655 to the English. Where applicable, updated information can be found throughout the site. VIDEO: This NASA Engineer Is Bringing Math And Science to People of Color Through Music, WATCH: How To Make Coconut Shrimp & Scotch Bonnet Aioli | Hawt Chef. The first inhabitants of Jamaica probably came from islands to the east in two waves of migration. The explorer stays at Santa Gloria, now St. Ann’s Bay. The Arawak Indians, early residents who arrived from South America around 650 AD, named the island Xaymaca or “land of wood and water.” They lived peacefully on the land and the sea’s bounty. So ethnic identity in the Caribbean is rarely a simple matter of genetic ancestry. 1517 African slaves are imported into Jamaica. They made their homes in Spanish Town, then known as St. Jago de la Vega ­ the only operating town on the island at the time. With reinforcements from British-held Barbados (many of whom were Irish) they made quick work of …. 1838-1917: Large migration of Indians into Jamaica. Today, efforts are underway to recover artifacts of what had been termed “the richest, wickedest city in Christendom.”. The term melting pot is inaccurate because Belizeans dont meld into one homogenous people, but stand out proudly, displaying their ethnicity and sharing their culture. The tourism business grew to become Jamaica’s most important form of income. There is always a debate related to ethnicity vs race. Up until the early 1690s Jamaica's population was relatively equally mixed between white and black. Chad is a landlocked country in Africa. In this section, find excerpts and links to The Gleaner's Special Series: Pieces Of The Past authored by Dr. Rebecca Tortello in 2003. In the mid-19th century, many Chinese looked west: to California, answering the call of the gold rush, and to Panama, where labourers were required for the building of a railroad from Panama City to Colon. Most of the slaves came from West African (between the present countries of Senegal and Angola) by way of Jamaica. It was also mainly created for genealogy research and amateur study of Caribbean History Spelling of certain words may be Old English. Belize is often called a melting pot of cultures, but this may be a bit of a misnomer. Most estimates give the Black population in Jamaica at roughly 92 percent and the Mixed population somewhere at about 6.How true this is depends on where you draw the line on “Mixed”, as Brown people make up a good portion of the population. Fearful that they would lose control of the retail grocery trade, they lobbied the Jamaican Government to impose the first in a set of immigration laws that would make it more difficult for Chinese immigrants to come to the island. Between A.D. 600 and 900, there was not yet a marked social differentiation within villages. Following the abolition of slavery in the 1830s, after failed attempts to source much-needed labour through bountied European immigration, the Jamaican Government turned to India and China. Jamaica - Jamaica - People: Spanish colonists had virtually exterminated the aboriginal Taino people by the time the English invaded the island in 1655. The types of diversity in Asia are cultural, religious, economic and historical. © Copyright 2018 Gleaner Company Ltd. All Rights Reserved. 1838-1917: Large migration of Indians into Jamaica. After the abolition of slavery, Jamaica’s plantation owners looked for another source of labor. The first Africans to arrive came in 1513 from the Iberian Peninsula after having been taken from West Africa by the Spanish and the Portuguese. 1860-1893: Large migration of Chinese into Jamaica as indentured workers. [1] Archaeological evidence suggests that Trinidad was the first Caribbean island to … Myers received…(READ MORE), From 1845 to 1921, over 36,000 East Indians, mainly of the Hindu faith, were brought to Jamaica. By Tim Lambert. Early Jamaica. The first black Africans were brought to Jamaica in 1513, and they were from the Iberian Peninsula. They were stone age farmers. 1511 AD – Spanish raiders captured First People tribes to work as slaves in the Margarita pearl-fisheries.. 1530 AD – Antonio Sedeño was granted a contract, by the Spanish Crown, to settle Trinidad as a means to discovering El Dorado.. 1532 AD – The Battle of Cumucurapo between A. Sedeño’s settlers and the First People tribes resulting in the withdrawal of Sedeño to Margarita. They, like the Jews that had come centuries before, arrived by … (READ MORE). When Jamaica became a British colony in 1655, many of them fought with the Spanish who gave them their freedom. Soldiers always rode two to a horse, one looking forward and one backward, in order to protect themselves. 1690-1739: First Maroon War fought across the island as British fight Maroons. Here's a look at the major ethnic groups which arrived in Jamaica: Tainos - came from South America around 600 AD.Very few descendants of Tainos remain on the island. This timeline was created to document the events in the history of the Caribbean. 1838: Slavery officially abolished in Jamaica. Ethnic Groups in Jamaica ... bringing dozens of ethnic groups into contact. 1534 The Spanish move to Villa de la Vega. 1670: Peace of Madrid officially puts Jamaica under British rule. Out Of Many Cultures: The People Who Came: The Africans. In this section, find excerpts and links to, Portland Eastern By-Election 2019: 6 Things From The Data. But a large population growth along with new migrations in the Greater Antilles, especially Jamaica which was colonized for the first time, produced a series of important changes. Out Of Many Cultures: The People Who Came: The Africans, Up until the early 1690s Jamaica's population was relatively equally mixed between white and black. (Senior, 2003, p. 446). – Howard Pyle, “Jamaica New and Old” in Harper’s New Monthly Magazine, January 1890. Belize Ethnic Groups ... Today Belize boasts of cultural aspects from different cultures. Four Jamaican Foods Listed in Saveur Magazine’s List... 8 Things to Know about Jamaican Ital Cooking. Amazing Biodiversity, More Than 37 Scrumptious Jamaican Easter Recipes. The Legend of Annie Palmer – The White Witch of Rose…, How Treasure Beach Is Building A Climate Conscious Community, 43 Jamaican Beaches – Owners, Descriptions, Tips and More. They were recruited by the brother of Mr. Solomon Myers, the German Jewish owner of a coffee estate in St. George's (now part of Portland). The US is a multi-racial and multi-ethnic country. They were followed by the Mennonites who came into Belize in 1958 pursuing a life free of religious persecution and the pressures of modern society. Of course, not melting into one does not ensure segregation, the dynamic of Belize culture effortlessly reflects facets from each groups influenc… Both options promised improvement in their lives and those of their children and led many Chinese to  … (READ MORE), The story of the Lebanese in Jamaica begins towards the end of the nineteenth century. The first Africans arrived in Jamaica in 1513 as servants to the Spanish settlers. They were servants, cowboys, herders of cattle, pigs and horses, as well … Belize culture is far better described as an elegant latticework of different peoples weaving around and between each other. A TIMELINE OF JAMAICA. Indian labourers who had already proved successful… (READ MORE), The story of the Chinese in Jamaica is linked to Panama and railways. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. These are grouped into 5 ethnic groups, each with an ‘Any other’ option where people can write in their ethnicity using their own words. Copyright © Simbis Inc. All rights reserved. 1503-1504: A shipwreck strands Columbus on the island’s north coast during the explorer’s fourth expedition. My estimate would be closer to 30 percent.But wherever we fall on the Black spectrum, there is no escaping Africa’s influence. It includes events that occurred in Europe and/or the Americas that impacted on the area. They came from South America 2,500 years ago and named the island Xaymaca, which meant ““land of wood and water”. The plant and cultivation of cassava, pumpkin, cashew, sweet potato, arrowroot, corn, cashew, coco, pineapple and yampi Soon, slavery increased as sugar became a booming industry. 1835: Small groups of Germans arrive in Jamaica in Seaford Town. When the English captured… (READ MORE), Jews of Portugese-Spanish ancestry first landed on the island some 40 years later in 1530. Unlike their fellow immigrants from China and India who had begun arriving in Jamaica in the mid-19th century, the Lebanese did not land on the island as indentured labourers. The year 1891 marks the first arrival of this ethnic group in Jamaica, and one of, if not, the main cause of their departure from their native land—Lebanon, Damascus, and Bethlehem (formerly a part of Syria) — was religious persecution. 1960: Tourism industry begins. The ethnic groups have adapted to mountains, deserts, grasslands, and forests, while on the coasts of Asia, resident ethnic groups have adopted various methods of harvest and transport. The only thing that remains of this race the name they gave to the island. 1513: Enslaved Africans arrive in Jamaica. 1838-1917: Large migration of Indians into Jamaica. The first group arrived in the 1850’s, when the Chinese came. A timeline of the history of American Religion from 1600 to 2017. They were servants, cowboys, herders of cattle, pigs and horses, as well as hunters. 800 AD A people called the Arawaks lived in Jamaica. The state officially categorizes its population into six groups: white, African American, Native American/Alaskan Native, Pacific Islander, Asian, and Native Hawaiian. They immediately fled to the mountains where they fought to retain their freedom and became the first Maroons. The major ethnic groups that *still exist* today are people of primarily African descent, people of primarily European (Spanish, French, Dutch, English, Portuguese) descent, and people of primarily Asian (Indian, Chinese) descent. 1838: Slavery officially abolished in Jamaica. Although each group came to the Caribbean under difference circumstances; the Europeans as explorers, the Africans as slaves the Indians and the Chinese as indenture labourers. In return, the Indians were executed or taken as slaves. Additionally, the timeline includes a few short formative assessments. The timeline begins in the 1960s and ends this year. Is often called a melting pot of cultures, but they brought vast! Russia, have a Large number of ethnic groups Native mixed in a marked social differentiation villages! The original inhabitants of Jamaica probably came from Scotland and North Britain welcomed because of their contributions to the in... 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