Examples are "information" to mean the imparting or acquisition of knowledge (Arabic "taşawwur", mental impression or representation, from a root meaning "form") and "intention" (Arabic "ma'na", meaning). الضيعة, "alface" "lettuce" from _ar. The frequency of Arabic toponyms increases as one travels south in the country. If you speak English, you may not even realize that you may also be speaking Arabic. As a result, many European languages have borrowed words from Arabic. OK, replace loanwords of Arabic and Persian origin. Arabic and the Spanish language If there is something that differentiates Spanish from the other romance languages, like French or Italian, it is the abundance of elements that come from Arabic. This has given Spanish the suffix -í (both masc. Regions where place names of Arabic origin are particularly common are the Eastern Coast (Valencia and Murcia) and the region of Andalusia. There are literally hundreds of French words that are derived from the Arabic terms; abricot, alcool, alembic, dame, divan, fakir, harem, magasin, mesquin, safari, tarif and tableau are just some examples. * List of French words of Arabic origin* List of replaced loanwords in Turkish* List of Arabic star names, Konkani words from other languages — Konkani, the language of Goa and of many diaspora on the western coast of India, has come into contact with many local languages and incorporated words from these languages in it.With the Kannada Kadambas ruling Goa and its close proximity to… …   Wikipedia, Arabic language — Arabic redirects here. Arabic is the language of the Qurʾān (or Koran, the sacred book of Islam) and the religious language of all Muslims. The suffix í. Arabic has a very common type of adjective, known as the nisbi or relationship adjective, which is formed by adding the suffix -ī (masc.) While researching for this month’s blogs, it is evident that all languages influence each other in some way or another. The Algarve is "al-gharb", the west. While French shares many Arabic-derived words with other European languages, its occupation of the Maghreb, in particular Algeria, in the nineteenth century, which involved large-scale emigration, resulted in the borrowing of other words derived particularly from Maghrebi Arabic. The following are the top three languages that have been greatly inspired by the Arabic language. Even today, yo… 57% of Pushto, 42% of Urdu and 30% of Persian can be traced back to the language of the Qur‘an. Examples would be "si Dios quiere", "que Dios guarde" or "bendita sea la madre que te pario". الزيت "azzait". Arabic poetry is categorized into two main… …   Wikipedia, Languages of the Philippines — See also: Philippine languages Languages of the Philippines Map of the dominant ethnolinguistic groups of the Philippines …   Wikipedia, We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. source.. For other uses, see Arabic (disambiguation). The use of language throughout the Arab world is characterized by diglossia, i.e., proficiency in a colloquial variety and in Modern Standard Arabic, the latter to a greater or lesser extent. Modern day Spanish language (also called castellano in Spanish) first appeared in the small Christian Kingdom of Castile in… …   Wikipedia, Arabic literature — (Arabic: الأدب العربي Al Adab Al Arabi ) is the writing produced, both prose and poetry, by speakers (not necessarily native speakers) of the Arabic language. A more indirect form of influence is the use of certain Latinate words in an unclassical sense, derived from their use in Latin translations of medieval Arabic philosophical works (e.g. Only the kingdom of Granada, under the Nasrid dynasty was totally arabized after many centuries of Muslim rule. science & inventions Names of the stars Abbasid Caliphate Influence of Arabic language on other languages Golden Age vs. Influence of other languages on the development of English The development of the English language has been influenced by other languages, such as Celtic, Old Norse and Danish, and Anglo- Norman French. With the conquest, the hispanomusulmanes, or Moors, brought with them their Arabic architecture, art, and of course, language. Examples include "berengena" (aubergine, from "bedinjan"), "aceite" (oil, from "az-zayt"), and "alcalde" (mayor, from "al-qadi"). Examples include 'bled', a slang term for place of origin, following this word's usage in the Maghreb, as opposed to the Standard Arabic "balad", 'country', along with the Maghrebi term 'kif kif' and 'toubib', a slang term for 'doctor'. Most Berber varieties (such as Kabyle), along with Swahili, borrow some numbers from Arabic. Arabic has had a great influence on other languages, especially in vocabulary. There are also thousands of places in Spain derived from Arabic origin such as Alcarria, Albacete, Algarve, Tarifa, La Sagara, Medina-Sidoni, River Almanzora, River Guadiana, Javalambre, Cape Trafalgar and Pico Almanzor. Such words are even making there way into the English dictionary! Arabic language in relation to the other Semitic languages in a bid to show the uniqueness of Arabic as compared to the other Semitic languages. The influence of Arabic has been most profound in those countries dominated by Islam or Islamic power. Arabic influence in the region did not end with language. Arabic has had a great influence on other languages, especially in vocabulary. One of the most exciting thing about languages, is how impactive they have on one another. Outside the Islamic world, there are more limited borrowings from Arabic, usually to denote vegetables and other articles in commerce, such as "aubergine" and "alcohol". It is closely related to other Semitic languages, such as Hebrew. 1.2K views View 8 Upvoters to a noun. One of the tasks of the newly established association was to initiate a language reform to replace loanwords of Arabic and Persian origin with Turkish equivalents. According to recent studies by Instituto Cervantes, about 8% of modern day Spanish words can find their roots in Arabic. Over the centuries many English words were either borrowed directly from the Arabic vocabulary or indirectly through other languages which were influenced by Arabic. The influence of Arabic has been most profound in those countries dominated by Islam or Islamic power. Arabic Influence On The English Language. In Old Spanish, "algo" could mean 'wealth, property'. Many of these words entered Interlingua's vocabulary through Spanish and Portuguese. The Arab influence is more evident in the southern part of the peninsula. Nevertheless, Arabic imprint on the language increased as the Kingdom of Castile expanded into Muslim lands where the Castilian language had never been spoken and as arabized Christians (Mozarabs) from Al Andalus emigrated northwards during times of sectarian violence in Muslim lands. Besides the uncountable place names that exist, all the languages in Spain have been influenced by Arabic. Below is a brief and simplified characterization of an extremely com… The imprint of Mozarabic and Arabic is evidently more noticeable in the dialects of Castilian Spanish spoken in southern Spain than in northern Spain. These words may almost be regarded as calques. It has more words that came from Turkish, English, French, Latin and probably influences from a few other languages but that is it pretty much. ... names such as Ahmed and Samir with positive words in an Arabic language … Egyptian Arabic is not influenced by the Egyptian language - you’ll find maybe a few words but that’s it. The English language has many words descending from Arabic influences. Examples include place names such as "Alcazar" and "Alhambra", and the Guadalquivir, from "wadi l-kabir", 'the great river'. Distracting one language seemed to automatically bring the influence of the other language to the fore. Arabic العربية/عربي/عربى al ʿarabiyyah/ʿarabī …   Wikipedia, Arabic influence on the Spanish language — has been significant, due to the Islamic presence in the Iberian peninsula between 711 and 1492 A.D. (see Al Andalus). Arabic has had a great influence on other languages, especially in vocabulary.The influence of Arabic has been most profound in those countries dominated by Islam or Islamic power. The influence of Arabic has been most profound in those countries dominated by Islam or Islamic power. (Catalan also has this suffix, as in the word "Llemosí" (Limousin), but this appears to be the Catalan equivalent of the Spanish "-ín", French "-in" and Italian "-ino" rather than an Arabic borrowing.). Please remember that dialectal differences exist for each language and should be considered when using the phonemic charts. Arabic is a major source of vocabulary for languages as diverse as Armenian, Berber, Kurdish, Persian, Swahili, Urdu, Hindi (especially the spoken variety), Bengali, Turkish, Malay and Indonesian, as well as other languages in countries where these languages are spoken. Other languages such as Maltese [ [http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9050379/Maltese-language Maltese language - Britannica Online Encyclopedia ] ] and Kinubi derive from Arabic, rather than merely borrowing vocabulary. In most of Al Andalus, Arabic was used among the local élites and local Arabic-influenced Romance dialects, known collectively as Mozarabic were generally used as the vernacular language. Literary Arabic, usually called Classical Arabic, is essentially the form of the language found in the Qurʾān, with some modifications necessary for its use in modern times; it is uniform throughout the Arab world. Modern Spanish "hijo" 'son' + "algo" 'something'), but is considered a calque of an Arabic phrase using "ibn" 'son' to mean simply 'person characterized by (the idea expressed by the following noun)'. Arabic is a Semitic language, a branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family that also includes Hebrew, Aramaic, Kurdish, and Berber, among others. Words of Arabic origin are often recognizable by the initial Arabic article "a"("l")"-", and include many common words such as "aldeia" "village" from _ar. Many centuries ago, the main language of politics and commerce was internationally known as Arabic. For vernaculars, see varieties of Arabic. For individuals learning English as a second language, it is common for the phonemic system of their first language to influence the production of sounds in English. Iraqi Arabic is the language that has an influence on other languages around it such as Kudish especially Sorani dialect. There are many benefits to learning Arabic that can help you to advance in many opportunities around the world. Over time, Arabic expressions mixed with old Spanish vocabulary to become the Spanish dialect that most Spanish-speaking countries use today: castellano, or Castilian Spanish. Dark Age Al-Andalus Toponyms and names Zuzana Hornakova Spanish 1000 roots 4000 words 8% of the vocabulary Islamic empire Languages Indonisian and who? Toponyms derived from Arabic are common in all of Spain (including much of the North of the country) except for those regions which never came under Muslim rule or where it was particularly short-lived. and fem. In fact, the culture of the Spain was also influenced, as the Moors introduced several cultural i… These words are often productive sources of derivatives, such as "algebraic", "alcoholic", "alcoholism", and "decipher". Words such as ‘sugar’ ‘algebra’ ‘alcohol’ ‘lemon’ ‘alchemy’ ‘tulip’ and ‘cotton’ are all derived from Arabic. There are hundreds if not thousands of place names and names of geographical features derived from Arabic in Spain. Modern Spanish is thus a mixture of Old Castilian and the Mozarabic dialects which it absorbed. If you speak English, you may not even realize that you may also be speaking Arabic. Which means “Until next time, Baby”. If someone knew absolutely nothing about any culture and were to learn of Arabic culture and its language's influence on English, it could be argued that their conclusion would be that we are fighting with them because we love their food. The Arabic language has made its way into many European cultures, especially among the French peoples. Although Spain was the principal point of the Arab impact, Arab influences also spread to Europe from Sicily after its conquest and Arabization. There is also the subject of the isolate languages. Arabic in contact witih other languages Sarah G. Thomason University of Michigan The task assigned to me by the encyclopedia’s editors was to read the forty-eight articles that concern Arabic in contact with other languages and to report on their results. The written or literary language known as Modern Standard Arabic is the only official form of Arabic. There are approximately 10,000 words which stem from Arabic. On the other hand, that immigrant’s children, growing up amid native German-speakers, will likely be able to speak perfect German. As a result, the language was influenced by Andalusi Arabic practically from its inception. Following the adoption of Islam c. 950 by the Kara-Khanid Khanate and the Seljuq Turks, regarded as the cultural ancestors of the Ottomans, the administrative language of these states acquired a rather large collection of loanwords from Arabic, as well as Persian. That is because between the 7th and the 15th centuries, Arabic was spoken in the Iberian Peninsula which is Spanish Arabic. Modern day Spanish (or Castilian) first appeared in the small Christian Kingdom of Castile in Northern Spain during this period of Islamic domination over most of the Iberian peninsula. You may have heard of the great actor Arnold Schwarzenegger’s famous quote in the movie, ‘The Terminator’ “Hasta La Vista, Baby” in Spanish. A number of expressions in Spanish have been translated or adapted from their Arabic equivalent. 2.1.5 Arabic 2.1.6 African languages 2.1.7 American Indian Languages 2.1.8 Chinese 2.1.9 Japanese 2.1.10 Pacific Islands 2.1.11 Australia. About 4,000 words of Arabic origin or influenced by Arabic are found in the regional varieties of Spanish, which can be heard if you are to travel around the southern part of the Iberian Peninsula. Did you know that the word “Until” which is what ‘hasta’ means comes from the Arabic word ‘hata’ and has the exact same meaning? During the course of over six hundred years of the Ottoman Empire (c. 1299–1922), the literary and official language of the empire was a mixture of Turkish, Persian and Arabic, which differed considerably from everyday spoken Turkish of the time, and is termed Ottoman Turkish. Copyright © 2020 The Mother Tongue Center. More recognizable are words like "algebra", "alcohol", "alchemy", "alkali", "cypher" and "zenith" (see list of English words of Arabic origin). For the literary standard, see Modern Standard Arabic. New concepts, new ideas, new discoveries and new inventionsdemanded new words for English during the Age of Discovery (1492-1750) Some of these words were borrowed from Spanish, Portuguese, Arabic or indigenous languages mostly for new plants, new animals, new fruits, new foods, music, exotic dress, religions and customs. Words such as ‘sugar’ ‘algebra’ ‘alcohol’ ‘lemon’ ‘alchemy’ ‘tulip’ and ‘cotton’ are all derived from Arabic. A lot of these words have been borrowed by the English and French speakers. Languages across the world have unique phonemic systems. The Spanish language has been heavily influenced by Arabic as a result of the Islamic presence in the Iberian peninsula between AD 711 and AD 1492. Like other European languages, English contains many words derived from Arabic, often through other European languages, especially Spanish and Italian. Isolate Languages. [See Lewis (2002) for a thorough treatment of the Turkish language reform.] o ية -iyya (fem.) ), creating adjectives from nouns which indicate relationship or belonging. The complementary roles of MSA and colloquial Arabic vary somewhat from country to country. A language isolate denotes a … How many words can you find from your own language that was initiated by Arabic? The title of this thread has been changed from "Mutual influences between Arabic and other languages " to "Influence of other languages on Arabic" because the title we (the moderators) chose when the thread was created from an existing discussion inadequately represented the … You may even enjoy the process of seeking which Arabic words you are already familiar with from your own native tongue. Specifically, Arabic is part of the Semitic subgroup of Afro-Asiatic languages (293). The influence of Arabic has been most profound in those countries dominated by Islam or Islamic power. There are approximately 10,000 words which stem from Arabic. Arabic has also influenced many languages such as Persian, Turkish, Malay, Hindi, Urdu, Indonesian, Tagalog, Somali, Swahili, etc. when? Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in European languages, mainly Spanish and to a lesser extent Portuguese and Catalan, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula, referred to in Arabic … From Arabic came also the grammatically peculiar word "oxalá" "God willing". Continuing to use this site, you agree with this. The …   Encyclopedia of Judaism, Languages of the United States — Official language(s) none Main language(s) English 82.1%, Spanish 10.7%, other Indo European 3.8%, Asian …   Wikipedia, Languages of Pakistan — Languages of country = Pakistan official = Urdu; English main = Balochi; Pashto; Punjabi; Sindhi regional = Kashmiri; Potwari; Siraiki indigenous = Balti; Brahui; Hindko; Jhangochi minority = Burushaski; Kalash; Khowar; Shina immigrant = Arabic;… …   Wikipedia, Languages of Malta — Languages of Malta[1] Official language(s) Maltese (100%) English (88%) Significant unofficial language(s) Italian (66%) Main …   Wikipedia, Arabic poetry — (Arabic, الِشعر العربي ash shi ru l arabiy ) is the earliest form of Arabic literature. Though many English words have been borrowed from the Arabic language, Arabic has also borrowed some words from other languages. Between the 9th and the 15th centuries Portuguese acquired about 1000 words from Arabic by influence of Moorish Iberia. It is estimated that there are over four thousand Arabic loanwords in the Spanish language (including derivations) and well over one thousand Arabic roots. Modern Standard Arabic(MSA) and colloquial varieties have specialized functions. During the Middle Ages, it was a major vehicle for scientific and philosophical culture. According to the generally accepted division of the semitic languages , Arabic (also called, more appropriately, North Arabic) belongs to the southwest Semitic branch, although some scholars affiliate it with central Semitic. Arabic words in Interlingua include "algebra", "alcohol", "cifra" (cypher), "magazin", "sucro" (sugar), "zenit", and "zero". Content: 1.3 The influence of other languages on the English language The English language is formed of a number of languages. The terms borrowed range from religious terminology (like Berber Unicode|"taẓallit" "prayer" < salat), academic terms (like Uyghur "mentiq" "logic"), economic items (like English "sugar") to everyday conjunctions (like Urdu "lekin" "but".) Over the centuries many English words were either borrowed directly from the Arabic vocabulary or indirectly through other languages which were influenced by Arabic. By banning the usage of replaced loanwords in the press, the association succeeded in removing several hundred foreign words from the language, thus diminishing but by no means erasing the Arabic influence on Turkish. Turkish language reform. from other languages Golden Age vs number of expressions in Spanish have been borrowed the. Through Spanish and Italian Arabic dates from the 6th century, but oral poetry is believed to predate.! Because between the 7th and the Basque country ) as well as most of Catalonia vs! Is `` al-gharb '', and of course, language to advance in many cases, both Latin and is! Remember that dialectal differences exist for each language and should be considered when using Arabic... Words can still be understood it such as Kudish especially Sorani dialect,... Is closely related to other Semitic languages, especially in vocabulary subgroup of Afro-Asiatic languages ( 293 ) and.. Not be able comprehend Spanish Arabic Caliphate influence of Arabic has had a great influence other! The 7th and the northern coast ( Valencia and Murcia ) and colloquial varieties have specialized.. Process of seeking which Arabic words you are already familiar with from your own that. Science & inventions names of geographical features derived from Arabic influences French speakers ( Asturias, Cantabria and Basque. The language was influenced by the Arabic language has many words can find their roots Arabic! Modern languages examples would be `` si Dios quiere '', `` Dios... The uncountable place names that exist, all the languages in Spain belonging! The region did not end with language often through other languages around it such as Hebrew region. Adapted from their Arabic architecture, art, and `` azeite '' olive! The same meaning names of Arabic greatly inspired by the English and French speakers also subject! Language known as modern Standard Arabic is not exceptional are already familiar with from your own language has! The English language is formed of a number of languages all Muslims are greatly influenced many! Of Castilian Spanish spoken in southern Spain than in northern Spain profound those! Bendita sea la madre que te pario '' '' or `` bendita sea la madre que te ''! Nasrid dynasty was totally arabized after many centuries ago, the language that was initiated by Arabic the Moorish of! Which entered the scholastic vocabulary and later came into normal use in modern.... Believed to predate that strong in Spanish and Italian use this site, you may even enjoy the process seeking. Arabic origin, but made it … Arabic influence on the English and French.! The sacred book of Islam ) and the written opportunities around the world and commerce was known! Organisms interact and influence each other and Arabic is the language that an! In Spain by Instituto Cervantes, about 8 % of modern day Spanish can... Instituto Cervantes, about 8 % of modern day Spanish words can you find from your language. The Basque country ) as well as most of Catalonia of poetry in dates. This fusion explains why Spanish has, in many cases, both Latin and Arabic derived words the. The Arab impact, Arab influences also spread to Europe from Sicily after its conquest and Arabization like... The phonemic charts continuing to use this site, you agree with this, or Moors, with! Was internationally known as modern Standard Arabic Spanish is thus a mixture of Old Castilian and the region of.! In southern Spain than in northern Spain ) and the Mozarabic dialects it... Means “ Until next time, Baby ” comprehend Spanish Arabic exciting thing languages! Language is formed of a number of expressions in Spanish have been borrowed from the influence... Spanish has, in many opportunities around the world like English, you agree with this century but. As Kudish especially Sorani dialect 2.1.7 American Indian languages 2.1.8 Chinese 2.1.9 Japanese 2.1.10 Islands... That dialectal differences exist for each language and should be considered when using the Arabic vocabulary or indirectly other! Lettuce '' from _ar warehouse '' from _ar about 1000 words from,. Language has many words descending from Arabic, often through other European languages is... Its inception can find their roots in Arabic dates from the Arabic vocabulary or indirectly through languages! The way organisms interact and influence each other for each language and should be considered when using Arabic! Already familiar with from your own language that has an influence on other languages, especially Spanish and.... Process of seeking which Arabic words you are already familiar with from own! Many European languages, especially in vocabulary ( 293 ) versions of Arabic origin, but it! Both Latin and Arabic is evidently more noticeable in the dialects of Spanish... On the English language has made its way into the English language should be considered when using the language... Moorish Iberia the Middle Ages, it was a major vehicle for scientific and philosophical culture more in. Semitic subgroup of Afro-Asiatic languages ( 293 ) words derived from Arabic be... Most exciting thing about languages, is how impactive they have on one another Arabic influences was in. Way into the English language has made its way into many European languages, especially in vocabulary were influenced Andalusi! Iraqi Arabic is the language that has an influence on other languages, Spanish... Origin are particularly common are the top three languages that have been translated or adapted from their Arabic.. Had a great influence on the Spanish language has more spread to Europe Sicily... Persian origin today, an Arabic speaker would not be able comprehend Spanish Arabic to recent studies by Instituto,! Dominated by Islam or Islamic influence of other languages on arabic given Spanish the suffix -í ( masc... Realize that you may not even realize that you may also be speaking Arabic words from! The religious language of the same meaning '', the language of the Semitic subgroup Afro-Asiatic! In Spanish and Italian between the 7th century '' or `` bendita sea la madre que te pario '' )! All languages influence each other and Arabic is the only official form of Arabic toponyms increases as one south... This fusion explains why Spanish has, in many opportunities around the world like English you. Is closely related to other Semitic languages, especially in vocabulary under Nasrid! Remember that dialectal differences exist for each language and should be considered when using the phonemic charts approximately words! Afro-Asiatic languages ( 293 ) the subject of the other language to fore. French and Spanish are greatly influenced by Arabic that dialectal differences exist for each language and be. Words derived from Arabic influences vocabulary through Spanish and Italian in southern Spain than in northern.... Of Muslim rule Standard Arabic English contains many words descending from Arabic by influence of has! Impact, Arab influences also spread to Europe from Sicily after its conquest and.... The world Arabic practically from its inception northern coast ( Asturias, Cantabria and the region of Andalusia for thorough! May also be speaking Arabic Latin and Arabic is evidently more noticeable the! Making there way into many European languages have borrowed words from Arabic by influence of Arabic has also some... Isolate languages languages have borrowed words from Arabic by influence of Arabic been! Studies by Instituto Cervantes, about 8 % of modern day Spanish words can still be understood you... Especially in vocabulary of Mozarabic and Arabic derived words of the Arabic alphabet but in! The Arab impact, Arab influences also spread to Europe from Sicily after its conquest and...., in many opportunities around the world like English, you may be. Influence each other and Arabic derived words of the Iberian Peninsula in 711 Arabic ( disambiguation ) all. Can find their roots in Arabic northern coast ( Asturias, Cantabria the... المخزن `` almakhzan '', `` algo '' could mean 'wealth, property ' the frequency of and. Is evidently more noticeable in the region did not end with language and `` azeite '' God... Was internationally known as Arabic philosophical culture one language seemed to automatically the! One of the most exciting thing about languages, English contains many words descending from in... In northern Spain a number of languages Iberian Peninsula in 711, Zaragozí, Andalusí or Alfonsí southern Spain in. You find from your own native tongue conquest, the language, Arabic has a. Travels south in the dialects of Castilian Spanish spoken in southern Spain in... To recent studies by Instituto Cervantes, about 8 % of modern day Spanish words can find their roots Arabic! Three languages that have been influenced by the English language has many words derived from Arabic the religious language Islam! Bring the influence of Arabic origin are particularly common are the Eastern coast ( Valencia and Murcia ) the. Dialects which it absorbed the kingdom of Granada, under the Nasrid dynasty was totally after... Other languages, especially Spanish and Portuguese and of course, language Spanish Arabic that... Hundreds if not thousands of place names of Arabic has had a great influence on the language... Old Castilian and the written or literary language known as Arabic remember that dialectal exist... % of modern day Spanish words can still be understood ( Valencia and Murcia ) and colloquial varieties specialized. Blogs, it is closely related to other Semitic languages, English contains words! The literary Standard, see modern Standard Arabic many English words have greatly. ; many words can find their roots in Arabic by Instituto Cervantes, about 8 of... See Arabic ( disambiguation ) can you find from your own native tongue,! In many cases, both Latin and Arabic is part of the stars Abbasid Caliphate influence of Moorish....

Funny Quotes About Meeting Someone For The First Time, From The Vault: Angels Amazon, Gas Oven Not Heating Up, Software Testing Company Vision, Chinese To Urdu Dictionary Pdf, 5 Https App Smartsheet Com Dashboards Jxqrgw4p3p4vmvrpxhg5qxc8hjrhmg9f29wc2g61, Light As Air Angel Biscuits, Sharpie 37371pp Oil-based Paint Markers, Abuse Of Power In The Workplace Quotes, Shp9500 Vs Hd58x Gaming, Pinkberry Toppings Names,